Dedicated to the devotional, exegetical and philosophical study of theological paradox in Conservative, Thoroughly Biblical, Historically Orthodox, Essentially Reformed theology . . . to the glory of God alone!

Saturday, December 15, 2012

An Outline of Biblical Christology

The Lord has graciously allowed me the opportunity to teach a class on the Incarnation. What a grand topic!  The outline below was developed to help view the Incarnation in its wider theological context. You may find it useful for your own edification and Gospel meditation, and perhaps also for study and teaching. 

This type of systematic Biblical study highlights the fact that the doctrine of the Incarnation is dependent upon the doctrine of the Trinity; the doctrine of the Cross is dependent upon both the Trinity and the Incarnation; the doctrine of Christ's Final Victory is dependent upon the Trinity, the Incarnation, and the Cross. And the doctrines of Salvation, Sanctification, and Glorification are inextricably tied to all of the foregoing. In other words, if Christ was not God and Man, and Suffering and Victorious, we would have no hope. Thank God He IS, and therefore we DO!


      I.        I. Pre-Incarnate Glory
And now, Father, glorify me in your own presence with the glory that I had with you before the world existed. (Jn 17:5)
a.     Divinity
… the Word was with God, and the Word was God (Jn. 1:1); He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of His nature (Heb. 1:3)
b.    Sonship
… He gave His only Son … (Jn. 3:16)
c.     Work as Creator
For by Him all things were created … all things were created through Him and for Him (Col.1:16)
d.    Revelation as Messiah
Immanuel (Isa. 7:14); A Prophet like Moses (Deut. 18:15-19); The seed of the woman who will crush the serpent’s head (Gen. 3:15)
See also Isa. 9:6; Mic. 5:2; Ps. 45:6-7
    II.        II. Earthly Life (Humiliation)
            He was manifested in the flesh … (I Tim. 3:16); But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of woman … (Gal. 4:4)
a.     Virgin Birth
Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son … (Isa. 7:14, Mt. 1:23); … for that which is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit (Mt. 1:20); … the angel answered her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy—the Son of God (Lk 1:35)
b.    Humanity
Since … the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise partook of the same things (Heb. 2:14); And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us … (Jn. 1:14); … the man Christ Jesus (I Tim. 2:5)
                                                    i.    Suffering
Despised and rejected … a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief (Isa. 53:3); … He learned obedience through what He suffered (Heb. 5:8)
                                                  ii.    Temptation
… One who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin (Heb. 4:15)
c.     Holiness & Sinlessness
 We… have such a high priest, holy, innocent, unstained, separated from sinners, and exalted above the heavens. (Heb. 7:26)
                                                    i.    Innocence from Evil
… who knew no sin (II Cor. 5:21); He had done no violence … there was no deceit in His mouth (Isa. 53:9); … in Him there is no sin (I Jn. 3:5)
                                                  ii.    Practice of Good Works
… how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power. He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with him. (Acts 10:38)
                                                 iii.    Faith & Devotion to the Will of God
In the days of His flesh, Jesus offered up prayers and supplications, with loud cries and tears, to Him who was able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His reverence. (Heb.5:7); … continued entrusting Himself to Him who judges justly (I Pet. 2:23)
d.    Sacrificial Death
He has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself (Heb. 9:26); Christ loved us and gave Himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God (Eph. 5:2)
                                                    i.    Shedding of Blood
… the church of God, which He obtained with His own blood (Acts 20:28)
                                                  ii.    Bearing of Sin, Guilt & Wrath
He Himself bore our sins in His body on the tree (I Pet. 2:24); … the LORD has laid on Him the iniquity of us all (Isa.53:6)
                                                 iii.    Vicarious, Substitutionary Atonement Accomplished by His death
… who gave Himself for us to redeem us from all lawlessness (Titus 2:14); It is finished (Jn. 19:30)
   III.        III. Ultimate Glorification (Exaltation)
Therefore God has highly exalted Him and bestowed on Him the name that is above every name (Php. 2:9); … that in everything He might be preeminent (Col. 1:18)
a.     Resurrection from the Dead
God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death, because it was not possible for him to be held by it (Acts 2:24)
b.    Ascension into Heaven
He … was carried up into heaven (Lk. 24:51); … He was lifted up, and a cloud took Him out of their sight (Acts 1:9)
c.     Enthronement at the Right Hand of the Father
We have such a high priest, one who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven (Heb. 8:1)
When Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, He sat down at the right hand of God (Heb. 10:12)
d.    Intercession & Mediation for Believers
… He is the mediator of a new covenant (Heb. 9:15); … there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus (I Tim. 2:5); He is able to save to the uttermost those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them (Heb. 7:25)
e.     Second Coming & Final Victory
But our citizenship is in heaven, and from it we await a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, who will transform our lowly body to be like His glorious body, by the power that enables Him even to subject all things to Himself.  (Php. 3:20-21)

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